Statistical Review

Statistical Data On Iranian Refugees 1 and Asylum Seekers2

(last updated September 2014)

فارسی

At the end of 2013, based on data received or estimated by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the number of Iranian refugees was 75,043 of which 12,307 were assisted by the UNHCR mostly in Iraq (7,992). According to the same source at the end of this year there were 51.2 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, including 16.7 million refugees, of which 11.7 million fell under UNHCR’s mandate, some 5 million Palestinian refugees under the responsibility of the U. N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), 33.3 million people displaced within their country as a result of armed conflict and 1.2 million asylum- seekers (people whose asylum applications had not yet been adjudicated).

Iranian refugees (1999-2013)

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

86,286

88,673

92,398

137,948

132,491

115,149

98,722

102,483

68,397

69,061

Assisted by UNHCR

25,907

26,218

26,063

22,704

21,934

12,122

15,783

14,353

14,120

13,851


2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

72,773

68,791

72,347

75,613

75,043

Assisted by UNHCR

15,097

10,721

12,031

12,177

12,307


During 2013, 27,999 applications (first instance, appeal, reopening) for refugee status were submitted by Iranians to Governments or UNHCR offices. During the same year, applications submitted by all nationalities in 167 countries amounted to 1,067,500. By nationality, the highest number of new asylum claims in 2013 was filed by individuals from D.R. Congo (60,400), followed by individuals from Myanmar (57,400), Afghanistan (49,100), Syria (31,800), Iraq (45,700), the Russian Federation (39,800), Somalia (35,300), Eritrea (35,000), Serbia (34,700), and Pakistan (33,600).

Asylum Applications Filed by Iranians (1999-2013)

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

All countries

19,560

37,747

23,600

17,929

18,250

15,519

13,532

13,401

14,120

13,329

Industrialized countries *

17,962

34,243

20,075

14,668

16,323

12,414

9,191

10,649

8,703

10,813


2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

All countries

15,890

19,004

24,812

24,139

27,999

Industrialized countries

11,537

15,185

18,175

19,930

23,879


* 44 Industrialized countries (2013): Albania, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Rep., Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxambourg, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Rep. of Korea, Romania, Serbia (and Kosovo: S/RES/1244 (1999)), Slovakia , Slovania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States


Applications filed by Iranians in Industrialized Countries (1982-2013)

Total: 528,101


In 2013, six destination countries that received the largest numbers of new applications from Iranians were Turkey (5,897), Germany (4,424), Australia (4,370), the United Kingdom (2,956), Sweden (1,172), and Indonesia (1,031). Seven countries receiving most of the new asylum applications from all nationalities were Germany (109,600), United States (84,400), South Africa (70,000), France (60,200), Sweden (54,300), and Malaysia (53,600).

Twelve main destination countries of asylum applications from Iran (1999-2013)

United Kingdom, Turkey/UNHCR, Germany, Sweden,the Netherlands, Austria, Australia, Belgium, USA, Norway, Canada, and Switzerland


UK

TU/U

GFR

SWE

NET

AUS

AUL

BEL

USA

NOR

CAN

SWI

total

45,235

44,289

33,529

13,087

12,888

12,342

11,980

10,812

8,995

6,042

5,876

4,602

1999

1,320

3843

3,407

854

1,527

3,343

211

165

778

350

794

206

2000

5,610

3,860

4,878

739

2,543

2,559

589

3,183

870

327

767

728

2001

3,415

3,385

3,456

780

1,519

734

559

1,164

944

412

768

336

2002

2,685

2,505

2,642

762

663

760

57

743

880

450

381

286

2003

3,495

3,092

2,053

787

555

981

69

1,153

654

621

308

274

2004

3,975

2,029

1,369

660

450

347

41

512

421

394

342

200

2005

3,480

1,716

916

582

557

306

101

497

337

279

343

291

2006

2,675

2,297

609

494

921

274

77

631

388

218

237

302

2007

2,510

1,687

616

485

187

248

84

411

303

222

220

232

2008

2,585

2,116

815

799

322

250

161

614

334

720

267

393

2009

2,130

1,981

1,170

1,144

502

340

312

732

344

574

310

259

2010

2,210

2,881

2,475

1,182

785

387

1,354

261

494

429

327

276

2011

3,045

3,411

3,352

1,118

929

457

2,156

367

590

355

319

326

2012

3,154

3,589

4,348

1,529

700*

761

1,839

169

652

441

277

315

2013

2,946

5,897

4,424

1,172

728

595

4,370

210

1,006

250

216

178


* estimate based on EUROSTAT absolute number of applications for 2013 (1,120)


Six top destination countries of new asylum applications from Iran (1999-2013)

United Kingdom, Turkey/UNHCR, Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Austria.


Of 23,844 decisions taken on Iranian asylum applications in 2013, including cases from previous years, some11,391 resulted in refugee status, 1,055 decisions resulted in humanitarian status, 8,062 cases were rejected, and 3,387 cases were closed on other grounds. When cases closed on other non-substantive grounds are excluded, the global refugee recognition percentage for Iranian asylum applicants during 2013 amounted to 55.5%, whereas the total recognition percentage, including grants of humanitarian status, amounted to 60.7%.

In total, the global refugee recognition rate for all nationalities in 2013 amounted to 38%. When asylum-seekers allowed to remain on humanitarian grounds are included, the recognition rate was 44%.


Total recognition percentages (1999-2013) (refugee status/refugee & humanitarian status)

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Iranians

36/41

34/41

29/34

28/33

27/30

23/27

21/28

30/37

33/41

36/44

All Nationalities

23/36

24/35

24/36

22/30

21/27

21/29

27/37

28/39

32/45

29/41


2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Iranians

37/44

44/49

50/55

56/58

56/61

All Nationalities

38/47

30/39

30/38

30/38

38/44


Some examples of first instance total recognition rates (refugee & humanitarian) for Iranian applications in 2013 were: Australia (81%), Austria (80%), Canada (79%), France (54%), Germany (64%), Indonesia-UNHCR (61%), Sweden (59%), Turkey-UNHCR (77%), UK (58%), and USA-INS (99%).


First instance recognition percentages (refugee & humanitarian) in twelve main destination countries of new asylum seekers from Iran (1999-2013)


UK

TU/U

GFR

SWE

NET

AUS

AUL

BEL

USA

NOR

CAN

SWI

1999

n/a

(59)73

21

6

20

22

n/a

67

89

19

77

49

2000

29

(57)74

21

9

71

15

31

n/a

66

n/a

70

n/a

2001

17

(70)70

21

13

8

n/a

30

n/a

71

n/a

70

n/a

2002

20

(72)71

19

15

8

54

n/a

7

62

29

66

15

2003

9

(72)71

11

10

25

62

n/a

n/a

48

25

67

9

2004

9

(75)53

12

7

34

79

n/a

9

54

n/a

68

31

2005

14

(67)/78

17

16

41

87

73

20

49

20

84

16

2006

17

(90)/82

18

29

33

78

n/a

24

55

19

84

10

2007

24

(88)/91

27

30

46

89

n/a

14

63

26

84

43

2008

27

85

29

24

44

73

78

15

74

38

92

50

2009

20

84

52

23

45

63

91

31

98

12

90

53

2010

32

66

55

24

51

63

76

35

97

22

81

55

2011

49

95

56

37

47

74

58

43

97

32

88

81

2012

55

92

59

45

n/a

82

68

59

98

34

85

75

2013

58

77

64

59

60

80

81

48

99

44

79

74

* Figures in parenthesis are from UNHCR-Turkey. All other figures are from the Statistical Unit of UNHCR Headquarters.


In 2013, some 2,463 Iranians were resettled including from Turkey (2,377) and Indonesia (86) in various countries with UNHCR’s assistance.

During the same year, a total of 98,400 refugees from all nationalities were admitted by 21 resettlement countries, including the United States of America (66,200), Australia (13,200), Canada (12,200), Sweden (1,900), and United Kingdom (970). Some 71,300 who were resettled with UNHCR’s assistance were mostly from Myanmar (16,700), Iraq (14,300), Bhutan (10,700), Somalia (8,800), the D.R. Congo (4,500), and Afghanistan (4,400).

UNHCR assisted resettlement of Iranian refugees (1999-2013)

Total: 41,738


total

Turkey

Iraq

Pakistan

Indonesia

Other

1999

2,380

1,114

816

386

-

64

2000

3,073

1,980

413

579

-

101

2001

3,502

2,209

752

579

-

166

2002

2,831

2,349

314

378

-

102

2003

2,673

2,560

-

66

-

74

2004

2,191

2,032

47

39

-

58

2005

1,223

1,083

22

54

-

103

2006

1,501

1,421

-

15

-

80

2007

1,668

1,546

-

-

-

142

2008

1,285

1,190

95

-

-

-

2009

1,696

1,575

35

-

-

86

2010

1,283

1,210

18

-

-

55

2011

1,931

1,815

26

-

-

90

2012

2,059

1,925

22

-

-

112

2013

2,463

2,377

-

-

86

-


In addition to Iranians referred to the United States by the UNHCR in Turkey, the United States also resettled Iranian religious minorities as persons of special concern who applied directly to the U.S. program for refugee processing in Austria. Alltogether, 2,578 Iranians were admitted to the U.S. as refugees in FY 2013.

Iranians resettled in the United States (FY 1983-2013)

Total: 92,848

1983-1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

42,957

1,737

5,099

6,581

1,525

2,471

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

1,787

1,856

2,792

5,481

5,270

5,381

3,543

2,032

1,758

2,578



Sources:

UNHCR- Global Trends 2013 , 2014

UNHCR- Global Trends 2012 , 2013

UNHCR- Global Trends 2011 , 2012

UNHCR- Global Trends 2010 , July 2011

2009 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons , 15 June 2010

2008 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons , 16 June 2009

2007 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons , 17 June 2008

2006 Global Trends: Refugees, Asylum-seekers, Returnees, Internally Displaced and Stateless Persons (revised 16 July 2007) ,16 July 2007

2005 Global Refugee Trends: Statistical overview of populations of refugees, asylum-seekers, internally displaced persons, stateless persons, and other persons of concern to UNHCR , 9 June 2006

2004 Global Refugee Trends: Overview of refugee populations, new arrivals, durable solutions, asylum seekers and other persons of concern to UNHCR , 17 June 2005

2003 Global Refugee Trends: Overview of refugee populations, new arrivals, durable solutions, asylum seekers and other persons of concern to UNHCR , 15 June 2004

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2007 , 31 December 2008

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2006 , 15 January 2008

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2005 , 5 August 2007

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2004 , 21 August 2005

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2003 , 15 June 2005

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2002 ,2 September 2004

UNHCR Statistical Yearbook 2001 , 09 November 2002

Refugees and Others of Concern to UNHCR: Statistical Overview - first quarter 2000, 31 May 2000

Refugees and Others of Concern to UNHCR - 1999 Statistical Overview , 1 July 2000

US Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics , Yearbook of Immigration Statistics: 2008

Office of Refugee Resettlement, Annual ORR Reports to Congress , 2002

Refugee Admissions Program for Near East and South Asia, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration Fact Sheet, February 6, 2009

FY11 Refugee Admissions Statistics, January 31, 2011

FY12 Refugee Admissions Statistics, Feburary 28, 2012

FY13 Refugee Admissions Statistics, July 1, 2013



1 Refugees include individuals recognized under the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees; its 1967 Protocol; those recognized in accordance with the UNHCR Statute; individuals granted complementary forms of protection; or, those enjoying “temporary protection”.

2 Asylum-seekers are individuals who have sought international protection and whose claims for refugee status have not yet been determined.